Mid-Century Modest Gardening: Climbing and Rambling Roses

Today: A guest post by Marybeth Shea on how to integrate climbing and rambling roses into your garden. Marybeth writes:

Ted Cleary of  Cleary Design A emailed me after the hybrid tea roses article. We are both glad that roses as a landscape “tool” are coming back.  Let’s look at one of the easiest ways to use a rose in your Mid-Century Modest landscape: climbers and ramblers.

But first, what canvas will you place a rose against? The canvas is composed of your home and the green “stuff” near the foundation and close-in yard.

Backdrop Canvas

First, two words on architecture:  tight and loose.  Look at the tight residues of line-inspired landcaping from the 50s and 60s in the photo above.  See also the loose instinct of the 90s – present here also in the “waving” perennial border.  The original foundation beds next to the house under the windows are rectangles.  Azaleas planted in the 50s remain. Gone are the hugely overgrown Forsythia bushes that dwarfed both front windows.  To the left of the house is a huge, horizontal holly bush, also from the 50s.

One way to instantly assess mid-century garden principles is to ask, “Are the plants near the house arranged tightly or loosely.”  Roughly, in the 40s, 50s, and 60s, landscaping adhered to tight norms.   Compare a row of alternating red and white marching geraniums with a bed of mixed grasses and perennials.

Begonia plants flanking the walk like soldiers?  Tight: 1950.

Waving grass fronds punctuated by daylilies?  Loose: 1990 forward.

Think Oehme and van Sweden who brought us the New American Garden style. This is the landscape architecture movement behind the now common loose, meadow-like plantings.

Back to tight plantings: Recall the tasteful foundation plantings so iconic of 50s surburbia:  the tight line of geometric shapes in a long rectangular bed in front of many houses comes to mind.  Think cylinder, pyramid or cone, rectangle, and square, but in green living shrubs rather than geometry’s abstract conic sections. You may see these combinations left over from the 50s and 60s:

  • holly pyramid + three boxwood globes + two privets at the corner
  • one long low-slung line of creeping juniper or tam shrubs
  • Arbor vitae at door + three trimmed “Taunton” yews shouldered with a rhododendron planted in the shady corner of a Northern-exposure home-front.

Such geometrical plantings — often evergreen — signal mid-Century Modest.

Similar schemes were planted in front of neo-mod Capes, ramblers, ranches, and center hall Colonials alike. Many survive or were renewed in this pattern. The rough design rule: Provide a line of green shapes to soften the foundation.  An additional two factors reflected 1) cost and 2) locally-available shrubs.  In warmer areas, azaleas often replaced evergreens as foundation plantings.  In northern areas, hardy conifers — including the Alberta or Colorado blue spruces — often frame a mid-Century Modest/Modern house.

Softening the Line

But, I digress.  You await advice on the romantic arching shrubs that offer bloom and fragrance.  Yet, the excursion into the shrubbery norms of foundation plantings is the very background, the very wish for relief.  The  break of curve and floral abandon against line.  Enter the classic rambling or climbing rose.  This cottage fixture of charm translated well into the suburban scheme.  Imagine inheriting a rose from grandmother’s house as a pass-a-long plant.  But the wish to break the lines with curves is a time-honored design technique.

Rambling or Climbing

Rosarians now question the division of these rose categories.  In other words, the rose classes of ramblers and climbers may well be the same. But, the common sense notion embodied in the word prevails.  A rambler is more relaxed — lax.  This rose will laze about over a fence, especially in spring.  A rambler also tends to be an intense spring-flowering machine.  A climber, in contrast, is a shrub with theological aspirations. “Nearer my God to Thee.”  The climber aspires high, preferring a trellis to clamber upon.

Tip for both ramblers and climbers: Do not let a rose simply lean against the house however tempted you are. Roses need to breathe, especially in the moderately humid summers of most US and Canadian climes.

One rule of thumb is to place a rambler on a fence but site a climber on a trellis.  The fence will support a horizontal layering of canes and blooms. A trellis will support upright canes and attached blooms.

But, a climblng rose or rambling rose — either class — softens the house or entrance, with welcome and enticement.

Often classed as ramblers and period-correct mid-century options: Rosa Paul’s Himalayan Musk (NEEDS SPACE), Rosa Violette, Rosa Albertine, Rosa Gardenia, Rosa Veilchenblau.

Often classed as climbers and equally likely specimens for your period planting scheme:  Paul’s Scarlet, Rose Blaze and Rose Zephirine Drouhin (MILD THORNS, WILL ACCEPT SHADE).

I like how the Antique Rose Emporium arranges rambling/climbing roses for your selection:  by year of introduction and by vigor: Look at these Mid- Century Modest candidates:

Against a red brick house try: White Dawn (1930) I grow this deceptively modest rose. The white blooms are gardenia-shaped with a hint of pale green flush at the center.

Against a white clapboard or siding house try: Parade (1953) The saturated pink of this climber will show beautifully.

Red! The quest for red.  Red is complex in all gardens.  Warning: Red is lost against most brick backgrounds. However, should you have a white or soft orange brick facade, you might consider Dortmund (1955).  This intense red single rose is very much like the wild rambler rose found “feral”  across much of the country.

One other red climber/rambler is Don Juan (1958), with more full and blowsy tea rose flowers.  Place against a white, buff, yellow, or light blue background for best effect.

What about yellow?  This color should work with all varieties of brick from orange through terra cotta and buff and the varieties of red.  However, the yellow gene for roses often confers deep susceptibility to fungal problems. Ask your local rose society or nursery for advice.

Ramblers and climbers need special care in zones 5 and 6 and colder.  Check with your local nursery about both hardy varieties and shroud techniques.  Maureen Dewan, who installs and maintains gardens in the Canadian Maritimes, suggests that cold climate gardeners consider a hardy clematis like the purple Jackmanni classic.  More on that exquisite type of climber to come.

EASY MCModest OPTION (fast, cheap, doable this season): Install a New Dawn climbing rose against a white or red brick background. Why?  This 1930s introduction by Dr. Walter van Fleet is among the most enduring and flexible roses ever.  You can likely buy one this season easily, planting now with care or in the fall. Read this range of posts at Dave’s Garden about the shell-pink flush, time-tested New Dawn.  You will get more curb appeal with this pale pink rose than any other rose.  Really: this easy rose “glows” against any shade of red brick.  I grow this classic rose but — alas — do not see repeat flowering despite the promise of many experts.  My mid Atlantic summers may be too hot and humid.

White house? The utter ease and flexibility of this rose means that your MCM forebears would have planted this 1930 rose even against a white clapboard background. What you lose in curb-appeal is gained at the entrance as you pause to admire each perfect bud. You can heighten the color tension by installing a Tiffany blue — teal, aqua, blue-green — arbor or trellis. This closely related turquoise is 2010 Color of the Year.

Paint a simple trellis with this neo-retro color. Every thing old is new again!

About Marybeth Shea
An avid gardener (born 1960), Marybeth’s two homes over the last 27 years were built in 1945 and 1946:  first, a tiny, frame gable-front cape sold even before it was complete to a returning vet, and now a modest center hall colonial, also sold originally to a vet. You can read more about her garden at her blog, Gardening with MBloom.

Copyright 2010 RetroRenovation.com
Any re-publication all or in part strictly prohibited without written permission.

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Comments

  1. says

    Thank you so much!! I have been waiting with bated breath for an article about climbers! I have a 53 red brick cape cod, and planted “America” this year, very close to Tropicana. Its coral really pops against the red and I just can’t wait for it to climb the trellis and bloom all summer! I also planted a white rhododendron on the other side of my steps, northeast facing… it seems that trusting my instincts have served me well so far!! Can’t wait to read more…. i have quite an empty long bed that needs sprucing up!!

  2. says

    I desperately want a climbing rose for my entry, but it’s in shade a lot. I’m looking at zephirine drouhin as it’s the only one that will even hint to accepting some shade. Any suggestions/advice?

    • says

      Try looking on Heirloom Garden Roses website. They’re the largest suppler of roses in the US and ship them up until fall. You can find a list of roses that will handle some shade. I have 4-5 of them per their recommendation in partial shade and they’re doing fine.

    • MbS says

      Error, if you are truly shady in this spot, what about this solution:

      plant this climbing hydrangea:
      http://www.monrovia.com/plant-catalog/plants/1156/mirranda-climbing-hydrangea.php

      (This “Miranda” is rather quick growing for this species and so lovely in all seasons: exfoliating reddish bark, white fragrant lacecap blooms, variegated leaves….)

      Your yen for a rose could be satisfied this way: step 1) place an arbor or trellis in a spot with at least four-six hours of sun, and 2) plant a rose to clamber on this arbor.

      I suggest you visit a small nursery near you, to describe the conditions and your desperation….they will understand. Those who are anthomaniacs are very welcoming to each other.

  3. says

    Nice post! I was wondering about fragrance. Now that I’m an ex-smoker I’m all about the smell. Maybe that’s why fragrance was bred out of roses in the mid century. Everyone smoked and no one could smell it anyway. In my opinion there’s nothing better than the smell of lilacs in the Spring, or honeysuckle or petunias wafting through the windows ion a Summer evening, or stuffing your face into a big shrub of old roses and breathing deep.

  4. California Kathy says

    I second the question about any possible suggestins for a shade tolerant rambler or climber. Are there any? I have two spots that cry out for such a thing of beauty! One spot is deep shade and another spot gets a few hours of sun per day.

  5. MbS says

    Error and CalifKathy

    Shade is hard on many plants, other than roses.

    CK — your four hours a day sounds very promising. And, the dryness of CA pleases roses! Try Zephirine Drouhin. When I ask a plant to do something hard — like live in shade — I try to make up with the other variables. Make sure the rose has good air circulation around the entire plant canes and leaves. This means to use a trellis or arbor. Fungal diseases are more common in shade, as well as low circulation conditions like lying next to a house. Make sure your planting site is prepped well. I also think you need to water carefully when plants are sited close to house foundations. The house acts as an umbrella.

    Error — tell me more about your conditions. Check this gardener who grows roses successfully in semi-shaded conditions:
    http://woodlandrosegarden.com/rose/shade1.htm

    • MbS says

      I hope you both see this:

      lovely and simple single pink rose that does well in shade from Rogue Valley Roses.

      {link broken}

      Ask your local nursery if this would work in your climates…I think I will try this one, too.

      Called “New Face” and bred in 1982.

  6. MbS says

    BungalowBill — If I were in charge, the 11th commandment would be
    Thou Shalt Not Breed Scent out of Flowers

    My favorite scent now is that of flowering tobacco, which is only released at night. Lovely and reseeds in my climate. I also have an odd giant of a shrub that is sweetly scented in fall with tiny white bells. Eleagnus pungens Scented Silverberry
    http://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?plant_id=547

    Be prepared, this shrub can be huge and unwieldy in the wrong conditions. Some consider this plant to have invasive potential.

  7. MbS says

    LilyN For those who want to follow your lead, here is an article on soil prep for acid loving rhodies and their azalea cousins:

    http://www.rhododendron.org/v46n1p21.htm

    Tall rhodies are a classic corner plant. Look for shorter cultivars to place under windows.

    For other options on the low, long horizontal line in front try Monrovia’s Floral Carpet series of landscape roses. I have not grown them but would if my site needed this tough but flowering LOW growing plant. These roses produce canes at or near the root, growing not more than 2 feet or so. I hear they can be MOWED over and they will return. Monrovia’s introductions are beautiful and hardy.

    • MbS says

      WHOOPS! FLoWER Carpet is the MONROVIA series. See this description:
      http://www.monrovia.com/plant-catalog/plants/2041/flower-carpet-appleblossom-groundcover-rose.php

      Look at the other colors too.

      The note on watering reflects the dry Mediterranean conditions of California. This cultivar is widely planted in my MidAtlantic area, without concern for watering after establishing. I pass these plants daily on the University of Maryland campus.

      Not sure about FlorAL Carpet; likely fine but I do not have experience with this variety.

      When you ask a plant to do hard things — stay low, bloom constantly, be part of your foundation structure — best to go with the proven varieties.

  8. Ted Cleary says

    Marybeth,

    Sorry have been slow to post a comment, but this article’s another home run!

    I think you really hit on something with the ‘loose vs. tight’ aspect; I attribute that to several factors, one being that the modernist influence focused on using plants more as “plant material” in big architectural masses, rather than as flamboyant horticulture like in the Victorian past….another, that fast-growing species such as Ilex crenata (Japanese Holly) varieties began to replace slower-growing Boxwoods, to fill the need of the explosive growth of housing after WWII, and often planted by D-I-Yers who may have not been too aware of their ultimate size — which inevitably meant a lot of severe pruning to keep ’em tamed. Then, we went through a period of all-native loosey-goosey plantings (around the late ’80s-’90s) that turned out to not have a lotta structure to them. Now, there’s a much better balance between that ‘loose vs. tight’……I think Jim van Sweden has done more than anybody (and that’s saying something, among a lot of great innovative plantsmen out there) to make gardening dynamic & exciting again.

    Really learning a lot from these comments; always amazing how much info you can pick up when gardeners start talking to each other. For my own 2-cents, I can say: LOVE those Flower Carpet roses — they seem to bloom forever and tolerate a lot of variance (in moisture, light, etc.).

  9. MbS says

    Thanks, T, for your comments. Let’s find a way to meet up and go on a rose/foundation walk to take pictures and talk shop!

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